Water is a vital necessity of our everyday survival needs. Let me break the numbers down to you, our body is composed of up to 60% of water. The earth’s surface is made up of mostly water at an approximate count of 70%. Given only those two numbers it is fair to conclude that water indeed plays a major part in our lives.
We use water mostly everyday in different occasions. First thing in the morning right after we wake up, we wash our face, brush our teeth and have a cool or hot shower. Afterwards, we energize our day by eating breakfast followed by drinking clean and fresh water. All throughout the day, we use water when we speak through our saliva. We sweat by doing different physical activities. This is only to mention a few means of how water is present in our day to day activities.
Why is Water Important?
Water is important to people and animals because it keeps them hydrated increasing their ability to survive. Aside from drinking, we use water in many ways that makes it very essential. We use water for cooking, washing our bodies, clothes, cooking & eating utensils, watering our plants and for recreational purposes such as swimming. These are only a few to where and how we make use of water.
In addition, water is essential for growing plants and crops. Furthermore, it is widely used in the manufacturing process of different products.
Basically, water is important for the survival of living species found in earth.
Sources of Water
There are a lot of places to where we can get water from. It is not that very difficult to provide and collect since our earth is composed of 70% water.
This classification of water are those that collects on the surface or ground. Examples of which are lakes, streams, rivers as well as the ocean. This source of water is considered to be the most likely to be found contaminated due to its exposure to the air for a very long time.
The atmospheric water are the waters that are formed through the process of precipitation. This includes snow, dew, mist and rain. There is also a risk for this source of water to be contaminated because it is still exposed to the environment.
Springs, underground aquifers and seeps belong in this classification. From the word itself, this is a classification of water that is found underground. Ground water is likely to get contaminated because it is less exposed to the local environment. Furthermore, because it is located beneath the ground, it already goes through a simple filtering process through the help of the soil and rocks.
Fun Trivia: Only 2.5% of the world’s water is fresh water.
How to Ensure a Safe Drinking Water?
It has been commonly mistaken that Purification and Filtration shares the same concept. In fact, they are both different when it comes to the processes themselves. These two terms have been used interchangeably for a long period of time thinking that they are alike. There are unique characteristics of these two processes that everyone should identify.
Purification and Filtration both have relatively important roles when it comes to ensuring a drinkable water. Awareness regarding these two is very important in order for one to secure themselves a healthy water resource. No one wants to suffer from intestinal or other related infections. That is why we are going to tackle the difference between Purification and Filtration as well as various methods under these processes.
Water Filtration is a process in which micro debris, protozoa and/or bacteria are removed with the use of a filtering mechanism. Many objects can be used for filtering. This includes a sieve, cloth, mesh and other objects that consists of incredibly tiny holes.
Although filtration secures the elimination of bacteria and other debris, it does not fully guarantee a clean drinking water. Why? because filtration is not capable of removing viruses that can be found in the water. Viruses are microscopic organisms that are too small for a filtering object to handle.
In addition, the process of filtration retains the original taste of the water. As oppose to Water Purification which slightly alters its taste.
There are places wherein sources of water are classified to be safe and drinkable. The United States and Canada are one of those places. Filtration can be enough to secure the household a safe and reliable drinking water.
Generally, Water Filtration is responsible for removing impurities of water. However, does not guarantee a clean and drinkable water.
The process of Water Purification is found to be more reliable in terms of cleansing water. This eliminates particles and pathogens that a simple filtration can not do.
Yet, water purification can not perform what water filtration can do. Which is removing the visible objects, particles and impurities found in the water.
Hence, water purification alone still does not guarantee a drinkable water.
Therefore, it is best for the water to undergo both processes for a higher and greater chance of a safe and drinkable water.
Let us now familiarize ourselves with the different DIY (do-it-yourself) methods that falls under each of these processes.
Water Filtration and Purification Methods
A tip to remember, performing these two water processes are essential when ensuring a drinkable water. Water Filtration always comes first, because this removes the visible particles found in water. Purification comes after to kill the remaining pathogens and viruses that were not removed through Filtration.
1. Wood and Tubing
This is by far the most effective filtering method discovered. Yet, it takes patience and a lot of time for it to be performed. Using this method, you can filter a total of three to four liters a day. That’s how time consuming it can be. But, the reliability and effectiveness of this method is high.
The things you need to do this is a piece of tube and sapwood. A tube can be any object available, as long as it resembles the shape of a tube.
How to do it:
- Cut a couple inches long of sapwood.
- Wrap it tightly to a plastic tubing or any tube you have available. Ensure that the water does not drip nor flow out. Use a rubber band or any plastic.
- Place any container below the end of the tube that has the sapwood.
- Pour the water slowly on the other end of the tube with no sapwood.
Basically, the sapwood serves as your filtering equipment. As you slowly pour water on the other end of the tube, the sapwood filters the contaminated water onto the container. The water drips slowly inside the container because of how small the pores of the sapwood are. The size of the pores makes the sapwood an effective filtering equipment.
This has been proven by science the Wood and Tubing can remove 99.99% of the water’s impurities. However, it can not effectively clean the water. Some viruses are smaller than the sapwood’s pores which makes it easy for the virus or other protozoans to pass through.
2. Sand and Rock Layer Cake
This filtering method is relatively similar to the first one – Wood and Tubing. This also takes a long period of time to come up with liters of water. But, it is surely effective.
What you need in order to perform this process is a container, a clean cloth, rocks, pebbles and sand. All you need to do to do this is to layer all the materials. Similar as to layering a cake. The trick is to place the smaller objects in the bottom and the bigger ones at the top.
How to do it:
- Start by punching tiny holes on the bottom of the container. You can use a needle or a tip of a pen to punch through it.
- Next, place the clean cloth first inside the container.
- Followed by the sand.
- Then, place the pebbles on top of the sand.
- The last coat of layer would be the bigger rocks.
- Repeat the same thing all over again until you can fill in half of the container.
- Lastly, pour the water inside the container and wait for it to drip out of the container.
The materials you used will serve as your filtering mechanics to clean up the water. Nevertheless, this only removes the impurities of the water. This is not used to effectively remove the viruses carried by the water.
This is the most popularly used purification method by everyone. Despite it being convenient and easy, it is found to eliminate viruses and other protozoans effectively. Its boiling temperature helps kill the microscopic organisms that can not be eliminated through filtration.
2. SODIS (Solar Water Disinfection)
SODIS requires a longer period of time to do. Its main component in order to do this is the sun. It mainly relies on the power of sun to effectively purify water.
To do this, you need a clear and transparent container for your water. Then, leave the container under the heat of the sun for an approximate 10-12 hours. SODIS is similar to how Boiling works. The only difference is the source of heat they need to purify the water. The SODIS method can be convenient when your situation makes it impossible for you to produce fire.
Nonetheless, both methods purify water effectively and eliminates the viruses.
This article can name all the available methods on how to purify and filter your water. However, it would take us months to tackle each and every method. Not to mention, that some are already inconvenient and outdated to perform in today’s generation.
Why should we waste our time learning all the available methods way before the pre-historic times? Wherein, there is already solutions right in front of us waiting to be used for our own benefits and conveniences.
Personally, I am very meticulous when it comes to the reliability of home equipment I place inside my home. Especially, ensuring the safety and health of my family. Water, being discussed all throughout this article, is indeed important. That is why there is a great need for us to secure ourselves and our loved ones the safest and drinkable water we could provide.
I have tried numerous means of making sure that my family and myself drinks a safe and clean water. However, there is not a month where one of us will abuse the toilet room. Only to find out that we developed a minor intestinal infection due to the water we drink. But now, I finally found my peace of mind. It is the BERKEY FILTRATION WATER SYSTEM.
Berkey Filtration Water System
Let us go straight to the point before delving in to other details. We all want to know how reliable this Go Berkey System is. Exactly how reliable is the Go Berkey System? It is very reliable.
The systems are very durable and are designed to produce high-quality performance no matter what situation you are in. It can be as hard and rugged to bring into a camping trip, portable and convenient for a college dorm and also elegant enough to compliment your home.
It is made of a highly polished 304 stainless steel and a non-BPA copolyster.
The Berkey Filters has been talked about for over the years now. So, if you are looking for a water system that gives you a high reliability rate, less cost for maintenance and a purified and great tasting water all in an affordable price, this is what you need.
Who have Used this Filtration Systems?
- The Royal Family in England
- UNICEF, Red Cross Societies and Missionary Organizations worldwide for relief operations.
- 89% of the total population of Canada and the United States.
- Widely used in over 140 Countries
- Adventurers, Hunters and Campers
How does it Work?
There are many kinds of Berkey Systems that are all designed to meet your needs.
Big Berkey System. The commonly used model for a small numbered group or family of up to three people.
Royal Berkey System. This is used for a medium-sized gathering or group of up to four-six people.
Imperial Berkey System. This model is designed for a group of up to 6-12 people.
Crown Berkey System. This is useful for a large numbered group of 12 people and more.
Berkey Light System. This model is the only one designed in plastic. It is three pounds lighter than the other stainless Berkey Systems.
Travel Berkey System. Same with the Berkey Light system, the Travel Berkey model is designed for outdoor purposes too. It is the smallest of all the stainless Berkey Systems. It is so small that it can fit inside a suitcase making it portable and convenient.
Go Berkey Kit. This Berkey model comes with a Go Berkey Stainless Steel Water Filter, Black Berkey Filter, Sport Berkey Bottle and Vinyl Carrying Case. This model is perfect for those who love adventure and going outdoors.
How to Take Care of you Berkey Systems?
- Always wash the lower chamber of your Berkey Systems at least once a month with liquid soap.
- In parts with hard water, a scale of calcium may build up on the spigot and on its chambers after a period of using it. In order to remove it, soak it in vinegar mixed with water for a total of 15 minutes. Afterwards, wipe away the calcium scale with ScotchBrite pad or any soft brushes and rinse with liquid soap.
- If you ever experience the flow rate of your Berkey Systems slowing down it must be that small sediments and particles have clogged the micro-pores of the system. All you have to do is to remove the elements of your system and by using a ScotchBrite pad or a toothpick scrub off the particles sticking to the elements.
As you can see, the Berkey System ensures that each model can meet your desired needs. You have different options to choose from. Despite their differences, each model ensures you a safe and drinkable water.
Because, the Berkey System does not only purifies your water but also filters it. Hence, doubling the cleansing effect it can do to the contaminated water. Giving you a water you can trust and rely on.